MRC offers blood cell counters for conducting quick differential counts.
White cellsTotal white blood cells — All the white cell types are given as a percentage and as an absolute number per liter.
Red cellsTotal red blood cells — The number of red cells is given as an absolute number per liter. (Iron deficiency Anemia shows up as a Low RBC count.)
HemoglobinHemoglobin – The amount of hemoglobin in the blood, expressed in grams per deciliter. (A low level of Hemoglobin is a sign of anemia.)
HematocritHematocrit or packed cell volume (PCV) – This is the fraction of whole blood volume that consists of red blood cells.
MCVMean corpuscular volume (MCV) – the average volume of the red cells, measured in femtolitres. Anemia is classified as microcytic or macrocytic if the MCV value is above or below the expected normal range; anemias are classified as normocytic if the MCV is within the expected range. Other conditions that can affect MCV include thalassemia, reticulocytosis, alcoholism, chemotherapy, Vitamin B12 deficiency, and/or Folic acid deficiency.
MCHMean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH) – the average amount of hemoglobin per red blood cell, in picograms.
MCHCMean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (MCHC) – the average concentration of hemoglobin in the cells.
RDWRed blood cell distribution width (RDW) – the variation in cellular volume of the RBC population.
Neutrophil granulocytes — May indicate bacterial infection. Less mature neutrophils — those that have recently been released from the bone marrow into the
bloodstream — are known as "bands" or "stabs". Stab is a German term for rod.Lymphocytes — Higher with some viral infections such as glandular fever Monocytes — May be raised in bacterial infection, tuberculosis, malaria, Rocky Mountain spotted fever, monocytic leukemia, chronic ulcerative colitis and regional enteritis Eosinophil granulocytes — Increased in parasitic infections, asthma, or allergic reaction.Basophil granulocytes — May be increased in bone marrow related conditions such as leukemia or lymphoma.
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